Gulf Fritillary, Agraulis vanillae

Gulf Fritillary

Agraulis vanillae

Description:
The Gulf Fritillary has long thin wings compared to the other Fritillaries. Above, the wings are a bright orange with various black spots, several of which, near the leading edge of the forewing have white spots inside. Below, the wings are orange with oblong silvery spots throughout the hindwing and at the tip of the forewing. The black spots with a white center spot that can be seen above can also be seen below on the forewing.

Habitat:
Open areas, parks, and gardens.

Overwintering Strategy:   Migrate

Flight:   
This species is a rare stray in Wisconsin and most likely would be spotted during July and August.

Notes:   
The Gulf Fritillary is a rare stray to Wisconsin, having been reported from only three counties.

Overwintering Strategy

Two-way migration: Adult migrates from Wisconsin to Central Mexico
Small migration: Adult migrates from Wisconsin to southern US
Immigrant: Adult migrates into Wisconsin from warmer areas and don't fly south in winter
Adult Butterfly: Hibernates overwinter as an adult butterfly
Eggs: Eggs laid on stems, twigs or foot plants overwinter in diapause
Caterpillar: Caterpillars make nests on the base of plants and hibernate until spring
Chrysalis: Caterpillars shed their last skin, form a chrysalis and enter diapause.

For more information, read: Where Do Butterflies Go In Winter?

Further Information:   

 Design A Butterfly Garden
 Take The Butterfly Quiz
 Monarch Life Cycle
 Butterflies and Moths of North America
 WisconsinButterflies.org
 Southern Wisconsin Butterfly Assn (NABA)
 The Butterfly Site

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