Coral Hairstreak, Satyrium titus

Coral Hairstreak

Satyrium titus

Description:
Above, this species is brownish-gray with no tail. Below, it is characterized by the lack of a tail, a very pronounced coral band on the outer margin and a variety of black spots and dashes that are all bordered by white. Male and females are essentially alike.

Habitat:
Can be found in a variety of habitats where Wild Cherry and Plum, the main host plants of this species, are found.

Overwintering Strategy:   Eggs

Flight:   
Late June to early August.

Caterpillar Host Plants:
Wild cherry (Prunus species), American plum (Prunus americana), Canadian plum (Prunus nigra) and Chokecherry (Prunus virginiana)

Notes:   
A fresh Coral Hairstreak on Butterfly Weed is an often photographed image. Although it uses a variety of nectaring sources, it seems to be most attracted to this plant. Like many of the Hairstreaks in Wisconsin, you will seldom see this species with its wings open; instead you are welcomed by the vivid orange (coral) spot band below that gives this species its common name.

Overwintering Strategy

Two-way migration: Adult migrates from Wisconsin to Central Mexico
Small migration: Adult migrates from Wisconsin to southern US
Immigrant: Adult migrates into Wisconsin from warmer areas and don't fly south in winter
Adult Butterfly: Hibernates overwinter as an adult butterfly
Eggs: Eggs laid on stems, twigs or foot plants overwinter in diapause
Caterpillar: Caterpillars make nests on the base of plants and hibernate until spring
Chrysalis: Caterpillars shed their last skin, form a chrysalis and enter diapause.

For more information, read: Where Do Butterflies Go In Winter?

Further Information:   

 Design A Butterfly Garden
 Take The Butterfly Quiz
 Monarch Life Cycle
 Butterflies and Moths of North America
 WisconsinButterflies.org
 Southern Wisconsin Butterfly Assn (NABA)
 The Butterfly Site

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