Eastern Pine Elfin, Callaphrys niphon

Eastern Pine Elfin

Callaphrys niphon

Description:
Below this species is mainly brown but with a boldly patterned hindwing with a white-lined postmedian line with a lighter grayish area to the outside of this line and then a jagged row of connected inward pointing darker Vs. Both wings have checkered margins. The forewing below has dark bars in the cell.

Habitat:
Found in open woodlands and barrens where White Pine and Jack Pine, the main host plants for these species, occur.

Overwintering Strategy:   Chrysalis

Flight:   
The Eastern Pine Elfin has been found throughout most of Wisconsin except the southeastern corner of the state. This species is found throughout the eastern United States, but becomes less common southward. The Western Pine Elfin is a very similar species that is essentially a western species, but with a scattered distribution near the Great Lakes region, and has been found in 7 counties in Michigan’s upper peninsula

Notes:   
The Eastern Pine Elfin has been found throughout most of Wisconsin except the southeastern corner of the state. This species is found throughout the eastern United States, but becomes less common southward. The Western Pine Elfin is a very similar species that is essentially a western species, but with a scattered distribution near the Great Lakes region, and has been found in 7 counties in Michigan’s upper peninsula

Overwintering Strategy

Two-way migration: Adult migrates from Wisconsin to Central Mexico
Small migration: Adult migrates from Wisconsin to southern US
Immigrant: Adult migrates into Wisconsin from warmer areas and don't fly south in winter
Adult Butterfly: Hibernates overwinter as an adult butterfly
Eggs: Eggs laid on stems, twigs or foot plants overwinter in diapause
Caterpillar: Caterpillars make nests on the base of plants and hibernate until spring
Chrysalis: Caterpillars shed their last skin, form a chrysalis and enter diapause.

For more information, read: Where Do Butterflies Go In Winter?

Further Information:   

 Design A Butterfly Garden
 Take The Butterfly Quiz
 Monarch Life Cycle
 Butterflies and Moths of North America
 WisconsinButterflies.org
 Southern Wisconsin Butterfly Assn (NABA)
 The Butterfly Site

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