How To Help Bumble Bees

Bumble Bee, Bombus disambiguation Bumble Bees are very important pollinators that are large, fuzzy insects with short, stubby wings. While other animals pollinate, bumble bees are particularly good at it. Their wings beat 130 times or more per second and the beating combined with their large bodies vibrates flowers until they release pollen, which is called buzz pollination. Buzz pollination helps plants produce more fruit.

  Bumble Bees Are Pollination Specialists

Advantages of Bumble Bees

  Some Bumble bees have long tongues for foraging on flowers with long tubes
  Bumble bees have been shown to fly in cooler temperatures and lower light levels
  Bumble bees use wing vibrations to perform 'buzz pollination'
  Bumble beesforage for nectar and pollen earlier in the spring, earlier in the day, and during cloudy weather.

Bumble Bees are an excellent alternative to Honey Bees and are a supplemental source for pollination of many crops. There are several attributes of bumble bees that promote their use as pollinators. Some Bumble Bees have long tongues, These long tongues give bumble bees an advantage over short-tongued bees like the honey bee when foraging on flowers with long tubes, such as red clover. Not surprisingly, the petals of bumble bee flowers often form elegant, elongated bells, funnels, or tubes, with the nectaries hidden deep inside. In some species, the nectar is hidden at the end of a long, hollow floral structure called a Springur. In these ways, the plants make sure that the precious liquid gets only to the Bumble Bee, the animal most capable of accomplishing pollination.

Bumble bees have been shown to fly in cooler temperatures and lower light levels than many other bees, extending their work day and improving pollination of crops facing inclement weather.

  Bumble Bees Don't See Red

Bees can’t see the color red, and to them it looks much like the surrounding green foliage. However, they are highly attracted to shades of purple, blue and yellow. Plants with flat, single blossoms are easiest for the bees to access. Although double blooms are beautiful, bees have difficulty reaching the nectar inside the flowers.

  Favorite Native Trees and Shrubs

 Blueberries: Spring
 Dogwood: Spring
 Elderberry: Summer
 Huckleberry: Spring
 Willows: Spring

  Favorite Native Wildflowers

 Blazing stars: Summer, Fall
 Columbines: Spring
 Great blue lobelia: Summer, Fall
 Joe pye weed: Summer
 Lupines: Spring, Summer
 Milkweeds: Spring, Summer, Fall
 Monkshood: Summer, Fall
 Penstemons: Spring, Summer, Fall
 Sunflowers, Fall
 Turtlehead: Summer, Fall
 Violets : Spring, Summer
 Virginia bluebell: Spring
 Asters, Fall

Bumble Bee Nesting

Another way to help Bumble Bees is to provide suitable nesting in spring. To learn more, read: Bumble Bee Nesting

Further Information:

 Wisconsin Bee Identification Guide
 Spring Wild Bees of Wisconsin
 Bumble Bees Nesting
 Wild Native Bee Nest Boxes

Bumble bee with nectar grains

Why Do Plants Produce Nectar?

Plants had to solve a problem: they needed to find ways to spread their genetic material. Flying pollinators were nature's solution. Nectar is made as a reward for pollinators.

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Bee Quiz

Take this quick quiz and see how much you know about bees—our favorite essential pollinators working around the world. This quiz is intended for fun, in a random-facts-can-be-cool kind of way.

Shooting Star, Primula meadia

Spring Pollinator Plants

Spring begins andhungry pollinators are on the wing, looking for food. From the moment emerge in spring to the time that they hibernate or migrate in the fall, pollinators need to eat.

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