Wisconsin Native Caterpillars
Northern Pearly-Eye Caterpillar
Genus-Species: Enodia anthedon
Description: Yellow-green with narrow
yellow stripes, a dark stripe, two short, red-tipped tails and two reddish horns on
Chrysalis: Green pendant often dangles
from host grass blade.
Host Plants: Various grasses including white
grass (Leersia virginica), bearded shorthusk (Brachyelytrum erectum), plumegrass
(Erianthus), broadleaf uniola (Uniola latifolia), and bottlebrush (Hystrix patula).
Habitat: Damp deciduous woods, usually near
marshes or waterways; mixed or grassy woodlands.
Comments: The Northern Pearly-Eye caterpillar
is yellowish-green and up to 1¾″ long. The head is medium yellowish-green, is covered
with whitish spots (granules), and has a pair of short, pink to red horns. The horns are
shorter than the width of the head. The mandibles are blackened. The abdomen is light
yellowish-green with a series of narrow slightly darker and slightly lighter stripes, including
a broad green upper (middorsal) stripe and a yellowish-green stripe below the breathing
Caterpillars come in many colors, shapes, and sizes. Some caterpillars are quite hairy,
while others are smooth. Despite differences between species, though, all caterpillars
share certain morphological features.
Take this quick quiz and see how much you know about caterpillars. This quiz is intended for fun, in
a random-facts-can-be-cool kind of way.
How does this magic happen? Learn about metamorphosis - the process of transformation from an
immature form to an adult bitterfly.