Purple Coneflower, Echinacea purpurea

Purple Coneflower

Echinacea purpurea

Benefits: Pollinator Benefit Graphic
Sun Shade: Plant Light Requirements Graphic
Bloom Time: Summer
Hardiness Zones: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Soil Conditions: Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil Moisture: Dry, Medium
Color: Purple
Fragrance: No
Height: 3 - 4 feet
Spacing: 1 foot

Description
A prairie classic! Purple Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) has a fibrous root system with short woody rhizomes. It is a drought-tolerant perennial that is also deer resistant.

Purple Coneflower, is a coarse, rough-hairy, herbaceous perennial that is native to moist prairies, meadows and open woods. It typically grows to 2-4 feet tall. The flowers are a golden red to purple and may release a slight fragrance in strong sunlight. They are much-loved by bees and is a host plant for the Ottoe Skipper. Blooms appear June-September and some Purple Coneflowers may re-bloom in the fall. It will bloom throughout summer atop stiff stems clad with coarse, ovate to broad-lanceolate, dark green leaves. The dead flower stems will remain erect well into the winter, and if flower heads are not removed, the blackened cones may be visited by goldfinches or other birds that feed on the seeds.

Easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Best in full sun. An adaptable plant that is tolerant of drought, heat, humidity and poor soil. Plants usually re-bloom without deadheading, however prompt removal of spent flowers improves general appearance. Freely self-seeds if at least some of the seed heads are left in place.
Plant Notes and Herbal Uses
  Good fresh cut or dried flower.
  Divide clumps when they become overcrowded.
  Japanese beetle and leaf spot are occasional problems.
  Susceptible to aster yellows disease.
Further Information

 Wisconsin Fruit Trees
 Wisconsin Edible Berry Shrubs
 Widsconsin Edible Plants-Eat On The Wild Side
 8 Dandelion Recipes
 Wisconsin Native Plant Nurseries

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