Canada Anemone , Anemone canadensis

Canada Anemone

Anemone canadensis

Benefits:
Sun Shade:
Bloom Time: Late Spring/Early Summer
Zones: 2, 3, 4, 5
Soil Conditions: Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil Moisture: Moist, Medium
Color: White
Fragrance: No
Height: 1 to 2 feet
Spacing: 1 foot


Description

Canada Anemone (Anemone canadensis), Meadow Anemone or Roundleaf Anemone is an herbaceous perennial of the buttercup family that produces an often spectacular bloom of apetalous, upward-facing, white flowers (to 2 inches diameter) which bloom in spring (April-June) atop erect hairy flowering stems (to 2 feet tall) clad with broad, stalkless, deeply cut and sharply-toothed orbiculate leaves. Each flower features five showy petal-like white sepals and numerous contrasting yellow center stamens. Flower stems rise from a basal clump of deeply-dissected, long-stalked, 3-5 lobed basal leaves.

The blooming period occurs from late spring to mid-summer for about 1-1½ months. Afterwards, each flower is replaced by a cluster of achenes. The achenes have bodies about 4-6 mm. long and a little less across, while their beaks are 2-6 mm. long; they are also flattened and slightly hairy. The root system is rhizomatous. Vegetative colonies of plants are often produced.

Habitats include moist prairies, sedge meadows, openings in floodplain woodlands, woodland borders, banks of streams, and swampy areas. These habitats can be either sandy or non-sandy. Because of its attractive flowers and foliage, Meadow Anemone is cultivated occasionally in gardens.

Canada anemone is native to river margins, river flood plains, low moist meadows, ditches and moist thickets. It naturalizes easily (somewhat invasively in optimum growing conditions), and is often found growing in large colonies.

Plant Notes and Herbal Uses
  Easily grown in average, medium to wet, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade.
  Prefers moist, humusy soils in part shade, but tolerates full sun in cool summer climates.
  Flowering stems tend to flop in too much shade.
  Rhizomatous plant that can spread aggressively in the landscape.
  Propagate by division from May to September.
Further Information

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