Apple, Malus pumila

Apple

Malus pumila

Benefits:
Sun Shade:
Bloom Time: Late Spring/Early Summer
Zones: 2, 3, 4, 5
Soil Conditions: Loam
Soil Moisture: Medium, Moist
Color: White
Fragrance: No
Height: 15-50 feet
Spacing: 12-15 feet


Description

The apple, Malus pumila, is a deciduous tree, generally standing 6 to 15 feet tall in cultivation and up to 30 feet in the wild. When cultivated, the size, shape and branch density are determined by rootstock selection and trimming method. The leaves are alternately arranged dark green-colored simple ovals with serrated margins and slightly downy undersides.

Blossoms are produced in spring simultaneously with the budding of the leaves and are produced on spurs and some long shoots. The 3 to 4 cm (1.2 to 1.6 in) flowers are white with a pink tinge that gradually fades, five petaled, with an inflorescence consisting of a cyme with 4–6 flowers. The central flower of the inflorescence is called the "king bloom"; it opens first and can develop a larger fruit.

The fruit matures in late summer or autumn, and cultivars exist in a wide range of sizes. Commercial growers aim to produce an apple that is 2 3/4 to 3 1/4 inches in diameter, due to market preference. Some consumers, especially those in Japan, prefer a larger apple, while apples below 2 1/4 inches are generally used for making juice and have little fresh market value. The skin of ripe apples is generally red, yellow, green, pink, or russetted, though many bi- or tri-colored cultivars may be found. The skin may also be wholly or partly russeted i.e. rough and brown. The skin is covered in a protective layer of epicuticular wax. The exocarp (flesh) is generally pale yellowish-white, though pink or yellow exocarps also occur.


Further Information

Wild Ones of the Fox Valley Area
Prairie Nursery
Wisconsin DNR
Wisconsin Native Plant Nurseries