Large-Flowered Bellwort, Uvularia grandiflora

Large-Flowered Bellwort

Uvularia grandiflora

Benefits: Pollinator Benefit Graphic
Sun Shade: Plant Light Requirements Graphic
Bloom Time: Spring
Hardiness Zones: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Soil Conditions: Loam
Soil Moisture: Medium
Color: Yellow
Fragrance: No
Height: 1-2 feet
Spacing: 12-18 inches

Large-Flowered Bellwort, Uvularia grandiflora, is a clump-forming, erect plant that grows to 1-2 feet tall. In mature plants, the central stem divides into 2 or 3 side stems, while immature plants usually remain undivided. The upper portion of each plant tends to nod downward because of the weight of the leaves and flowers. The terete stems are glabrous and glaucous; they are light green or pale reddish green. The alternate leaves are up to 6 inches long and 2 inches across.

he flowers are about 1-2 inches long and they hang downward from slender pedicels about 1 inch long. The pedicels are similar to the stems, except they are more slender. Each flower consists of 6 pale yellow to yellow tepals, 6 stamens, and a pistil with a tripartite style. The slender tepals are slightly twisted and greenish toward the base of the flower, while their interior surface is smooth and hairless. The yellow anthers of the stamens are large and elongated, but they remain mostly hidden by the tepals. The blooming period occurs during the mid-spring and lasts about 2 weeks. The flowers are slightly fragrant. Each flower is replaced by a 3-celled seed capsule that is obovoid in shape with 3 rounded lobes and a rounded tip; each cell of this capsule contains several seeds. The root system is rhizomatous, from which vegetative offsets are often produced. This plant occasionally forms colonies.

Habitats include mesic deciduous woodlands, wooded slopes, large river banks in wooded areas, and edges of shady seeps. The presence of this plant in a deciduous woodlands is an indication that much of the original ground flora is still intact.

Easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in part shade to full shade. Prefers a moist, humusy soil and part shade.

 Further Information

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