Buffalograss, Bouteloua dactyloides


Bouteloua dactyloides

Benefits: Pollinator Benefit Graphic
Sun Shade: Plant Light Requirements Graphic
Bloom Time: Summer
Hardiness Zones: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Soil Conditions: Acid, Clay, Loam
Soil Moisture: Dry, Medium
Color: Green
Fragrance: No
Height: 3 to 9 inches
Spacing: 6 to 12 inches

Buffalograss, Buchloe dactyloides, is a dioecious, drought-tolerant, heat-resistant, fine-textured, warm season perennial grass. It spreads by stolons. Somewhat inconspicuous green flowers bloom from June until August), with male flowers appearing in comb-like spikes on slender stems rising above the leaves and with female flowers appearing in bur-like clusters on short stems hidden by the leaves. Buffalo grass is considered to be an excellent native forage grass.

With the addition of new cultivars, buffalo grass is now becoming more popular as a low-maintenance turf grass as it can form a low maintenance turf which survives hot and humid summers with minimal water and fertilizer. The main disadvantages of buffalo grass as a lawn turf grass are (1) foliage turns straw-colored from mid-fall to mid-spring when grass is dormant, (2) invasive habit which may result in stoloniferous spread into adjacent plantings, and (3) intolerance of heavy foot traffic. When grown as a turf grass for lawns, mowing is infrequently required. When needed, mow to a height of 2-3” tall.

Easily grown in average, dry to medium moisture, well-drained soil in full sun. Tolerates heat, drought and a wide range of soils. Adapts to alkaline soils. Avoid frequent watering. Plants are intolerant of lots of moisture, and generally do not perform well in areas with high rainfall.

 Plant Notes and Herbal Uses
  May be established by sod or plugs.
   Low-maintenance turfgrass for lawns, parks, golf courses, commercial areas and roadsides.
  Effective on dry sunny slopes where it can also provide some erosion control.
   Intolerant of shade.
   Plant seed in April-June.
 Further Information

 Wisconsin Fruit Trees
 Wisconsin Edible Berry Shrubs
 Widsconsin Edible Plants-Eat On The Wild Side
 8 Dandelion Recipes
 Wisconsin Native Plant Nurseries

Bees flying footer graphic