Anise Scented Goldenrod, Solidago odora

Anise Scented Goldenrod

Solidago odora

Benefits:
Sun Shade:
Bloom Time: Late Summer/Early Fall
Zones: 4, 5
Soil Conditions: Loam, Sand
Soil Moisture: Dry, Medium
Color: Yellow
Fragrance: Yes
Height: 1 - 2 feet
Spacing: 1 foot


Description

Anise Scented (Solidago odora) Goldenrod or Sweet Goldenrod is easily identified by its anise-scented leaves. It is native to dry, sandy, open woods and typically occurs in open woods, thickets, ravine slopes and bluff bases. Plants typically rise to 2-4 feet tall on smooth or downy stems clad with dark green leaves (to 4 inches long) that are lance-shaped, sessile, parallel-veined, untoothed and marked with translucent dots. When bruised, its leaves smell like anise. Branched, plume-like clusters of yellow, daisy-like flowers bloom in August-September. Flowers appear in rows on the upper sides (one-sided) of the plume branching. Goldenrods are attractive to bees and butterflies.

Goldenrods have been wrongfully accused of causing hay fever which is actually an allergic reaction to wind-borne pollen from other plants such as ragweed. This species is also commonly called anise-scented goldenrod or fragrant goldenrod.

Easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Tolerates poor, dry soils and light shade, but performs best in full sun. May be grown from seed and may self-seed in the garden. This species is primarily clump-forming and does not spread aggressively as do some of the other goldenrod species and hybrids.

Plant Notes and Herbal Uses
  Rust may occur.
  Watch for powdery mildew and leaf spot.
  Leaves may be used in teas.
  Foliage of this plant has been used in the past in herbal medicines for treatment of a variety of problems including wounds, ulcers, urinary disorders, flatulence and as a stimulant.
Further Information

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 Wisconsin Native Plant Nurseries